Open Society Foundations published a study that has investigated the w worldwide program to hold and interrogate suspected members of al_Qaida in the aftermath of 9/11. The governments of 54 countries have reportedly gave their assistance to the CIA countries played host to CIA rendition flights.
“Known as “extraordinary rendition,” the practice concerns taking detainees to and from U.S. custody without a legal process — think of it like an off-the-books extradition — and often entailed handing detainees over to countries that practiced torture. The Open Society Foundation found that 136 people went through the post-9/11 extraordinary rendition, and 54 countries were complicit in it.”
The full 54 countries that aided in post-9/11 renditions:
Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Libya, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mauritania, Morocco, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Yemen, and Zimbabwe.
The Open Society Foundation doesn’t rule out additional ones being involved that it has yet to discover.
According to Open Society Foundation, the study based on credible public sources and information provided by reputable human rights organizations, is the most comprehensive catalogue of the treatment of 136 individuals reportedly subjected to these operations. There may be many more such individuals, but the total number will remain unknown until the United States and its partners make this information publicly available.
The report also shows that as many as “54 foreign governments reportedly participated in these operations in various ways, including by hosting CIA prisons on their territories; detaining, interrogating, torturing, and abusing individuals; assisting in the capture and transport of detainees; permitting the use of domestic airspace and airports for secret flights transporting detainees; providing intelligence leading to the secret detention and extraordinary rendition of individuals; and interrogating individuals who were secretly being held in the custody of other governments.”
Greece permitted use of its airspace and airports for flights associated with the CIA extraordinary rendition program.
A report by the European Parliament “expresse[d] serious concern about the 64 stopovers made by CIA-operated aircraft at Greek airports that on many occasions came from or were bound for countries linked with extraordinary rendition circuits and the transfer of detainees; [and] deplore[d] the stopovers in Greece of aircraft which have been shown to have been used by the CIA, on other occasions, for the extraordinary rendition of Ahmed Agiza, Mohammed El-Zari, Bisher Al-Rawi, Jamil El-Banna, Abou Elkassim Britel, Khaled El-Masri, Binyam Mohammed, and Maher Arar.”
According to a 2006 Council of Europe report on the involvement of member states in the CIA extraordinary rendition program, Greece could be held responsible for “collusion” with the U.S. extraordinary rendition program by providing Greek territory for “stopovers” for flights involving the unlawful transfer of detainees.
There are no known judicial cases or investigations in Greece relating to its participation in CIA secret detention and extraordinary rendition operations. (OSF report, page 83)
Germany hosted a total of 336 CIA-jets in its airports.