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Early Mycenaean Chamber Tomb with grave gifts excavated in Nemea (picts)

An unplundered chamber tomb, one of the largest in the area, was discovered in the archaeological excavation at the Mycenaean cemetery at Aidonia in Nemea in the Prefecture of Corinth.

The tomb is from the Early Mycenaean period – about 1650-1400 BC – and is one of the largest in Aidonia excavation, the Greek Culture Ministry announced on Thursday.

The tomb is distinguished by a short but very wide path, the short but wide opening and the circular-ellipsoid chamber with dimensions approaching in some places over six meters.

The entrance and the chamber exhibit morphological affinities with medium size tombs of the early Mycenaean period.

Both the entrance and the chamber exhibit morphological affinities with the mid-sized chamber tombs of the early Mycenaean period.

   

On the floor of the burial chamber four large pits were carved. They were covered with megalithic plates, another element that refers to the early Mycenaean tombs, the ministry said.

In these pits the oldest burial remaining were excavated. they were accompanied by clay tableware and storage pottery.

Some of them with monumental decoration inspired by the flora and the marine world.

 Copper knives and swords were also found, as well as numerous arrows of copper, obsidian, and pyrite-stone.

Jewelry, necklace beads from a variety of raw materials, pins and other prestigious items, such as stamps, were also found.

The use of the chamber tomb continued in the Late Mycenaean period – 1400-1200 BC – the Culture Ministry said. From this period are also burial remains found directly on the tomb floor with more simple  grave gifts.

The discovery of the unplundered chamber tomb in Aidonia will shed new light in the character of the local ruling class in the early Mycenaean period.

The 2018 excavation is the third in the area of Aidonia, Nemea, within a five-year period of systematic excavation.

It is conducted by the Ephorate of Antiquities of Corinth as well as with archaeologists form Germany and the USA.

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