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Beekeepers’ protest in Athens: Sector under extinction due to regulations, production cost

Beekeepers from around Greece flocked to Athens on Thursday to protest demanding solutions for the serious problems their sector has been facing. Among them is the unfair competition from imported honey labelled as “Greek”, prohition to enter forests or smoking the beehives in certain times and high production cost.

Wearing work uniforms and having smokehouses in hand, some on Som on trucks and others on foot,  beekeepers arrived short after 9 a.m. at Syntagma Square opposite the Greek Parliament in downtown Athens.

They ask the government to give a basis to their demands, beacuse beekeeping is threatened with extinction, as they complain especially after the new law that passed last summer.

Meetings with the Ministry of Rural Development and the Ministry of Transport have been planned today to present their demands.

Specifically, the beekeepers are demanding administrative measures for the traceability of imported honey, tax exemption for fuel, lifting of the restrictive Fire regulations, lifting of local Forestry restrictions, pollination subsidy, full inclusion in the CAP and greening, reform of the Agricultural Insurance organizaton ELGA, full compensation for lost livestock, allowing the movement beekeeping trucks on the side road network.

“Our requests are to allow us to work in the forests, to stop these regulations that say no smoking after 11. It is most unfair. We can’t work without the smoking room,” said the vice-president of the Thessaloniki Beekeeping Association, Georgiadis.

The president of the Association of Professional Beekeepers of Messinia, Laconia and Arcadia, Giorgos Sentementes, told state broadcaster ERT, that producers want the government to put a stop to the unfair competition caused by imported honey being sold as “Greek” at extremely low prices.

Earlier on Thursday, tension arose between protesters and police when the latter had blocked about 30 trucks of their colleagues on Kavala Avenue, despite the fact that permission had been given tot them by the Ministry in charge.

Beekeeping in Greece

Beekeeping: What is the future of honey in Greece

With excellent quality, its special features and its rich taste as the allies, internationally renown Greek honey is seeking a worthy position.

Greek honey holds a special place in the Mediterranean diet and has gained international recognition, due to its particular qualitative characteristics, which have contributed to the development of beekeeping conditions, as well as the rich and quality bee favored flora of Greece.

However, an important inhibitory factor in the take -off of Greek exports is its high price, due to high production costs.

In order for the Greek honey to become extroverted and gain the position it deserves in the international market, deep incisions and corrective movements are required, with the enhancement of production, the establishment of the Greek PDO, the emergence of the name of origin.

Apiculture in numbers

According to the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning, Greece has 10.8% of the EU’s hives with 73% being professional beekeepers (holding at least 150 hives).

At the same time, according to Eurostat, Greek honey production is 1% of the world and 7.4% of European (fourth place) with 16,000 tons.

Beekeeping is constantly increasing in the EU, in the total number of beekeepers and professional beekeepers and the total number of hives, because it is considered profitable.

However, according to Hellenic Statistical Authority-ELSTAT’s latest census, with data on 2020, beekeeping farms are reduced, while the number of hives is marginally increased.

Specifically, in 2009 beekeeping farms were 10,551 and in 2020 reached 8,704 reduced by 17.5%, while the corresponding number of hives was 944,014 in 2009 and in 2020 reached 952,963 increased by 0.9%.

Exports in 2021

However, Greece is a predominantly beekeeping country with a tradition of beekeeping from ancient times, with Kavala, Halkidiki, Evia, Peloponnese, Crete and the Aegean islands being considered main beekeeping areas.

In Greece, honey is collected by 90% from wild ecosystems and not from mono -human crops (as is the case with honey from other countries) while there are no genetically modified plant crops. 2/3 of the Greek honey produced are tree honey (pine 55% – 60%, fir 5% – 10%) and 1/3 is flower honey (10%thyme, orange 10%).

According to the latest available data, in 2021, more than 6.3 million honey was exported from Greece to international markets, with their value, according to Eurostat data, amounting to € 25.8 million, which is € 25.8 million, and their average price is 4.07 euros per kilo.

The “champion” in the imports of Greek honey is Italy, with the neighboring country importing 1,441,659 kg of Greek honey worth a total of € 3,796,335 euros. Following is Germany with 1,305,679 kg of honey, worth € 5,734,964 and France with 420,214 kg worth € 2,013,528.

Imports …

Europe is about 60% self -sufficient in honey consumption. According to FAO, European production decreased by 16% between 2015 and 2020 (from 257,000 to 218,000 tons), while the number of hives increased by 16% (from 17,189,000 to 20,046,000 in 2016-2021) .

In particular, a total of about 250,000 tons of honey is produced in the EU each year, while the corresponding quantity sold within its borders is about 450,000 tonnes. This means that all EU countries are self -sufficient in honey by less than 60%. The 200,000 tons of honey that are not available are imported each year from countries outside the EU.

In 2021, according to Eurostat figures, the European market imported larger quantities of honey than countries outside the EU, Ukraine and China.

Compared to 2016, imports of honey from outside EU countries increased by 7%, while EU exports to outside EU countries decreased by 10%.


The European Commission ranks honey as the sixth in a row that is vulnerable to practice adulteration or fraudulent practices.

Honey adulteration is an economic fraud and misleading to the consumer, as the distorted product lacks the beneficial properties of real honey.

The most common misleading practices are the false statement of botanical origin (i.e. calling thyme a flower) or geographical origin (labeling imported honey as Greek) while the most common fraud is the addition of exogenous sugars (eg isoglykose) via

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  1. I’ve been using Greek Honey since the mid 1970’s (20 years in the UK and nearly 30 years here) – proper Greek Honey. traditionally produced with minimal stealing and intervention to these life giving creatures is priceless. (Ditto our olive oil).

    Rudolph Steiner (he died 1925) was way ahead of the curve – he said (paraphrased) without bees, mankind will perish. He also said “The unconscious wisdom contained in the beehive — the hive is in reality permeated by love” and of course that would be super unfashionable at the moment wouldn’t it since the “mode du jour” is division and hate 🙂

  2. as much s possible buy your honey directly from producers or a trusted local handler.

  3. Greek honey is really good. It pleases me to see that most of that comes from natural ecosystems. And Greece apparently is a big producer in the EU compared to the size of its population.

    • some sorts are suburb! I knew a beekeeper on Amorgos island sailing the beehives around producing the best Thyme-honey. I could eat it with a spoon. Sadly I lost contact over the years. Now my supplier is a beekeeper on the mountain of Pindos.