Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is under pressure, in his own country due to an inflation that has gone out of control. What does he do? He “sells” to his countrymen expansionist rhetoric and targets Greek and Arab territories for the sake of collapsed Ottoman Empire, a year but a century ago.
He stirs up conflicts not only with neighbor Greece but also with Sweden and Finland due to their NATO bid, other European and “Western” countries for allegedly not fulfilling their promises to Turkey.
Erdogan whose megalomania pushes him to want to be celebrated in history books as the first “Neo-Ottoman Sultan” laments again and again the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and capitulation treaties “99 years ago.”
Addressing a closed session of his AKP party on Sunday, Erdogan appeared foolishly believing that all he needs to do to restore part of the Ottoman Empire, secure Turkey’s borders, to defend the national interests “from Greece,” and to “expose the hypocrisy of Turkey’s NATO allies” is to revive the so-called Turkish National Pact of 1920 and to change the Treaty of Lausanne of 1923.
“Abroad, we will continue to pursue our policies by always preserving our honorable stance wherever there is an oppressed person from Syria to Iraq, from Libya to Karabakh, from the Balkans to Africa, from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean,” he added.
While repeating #Turkey's blockage of #Sweden / #Finland NATO bid today, Turkish President #Erdogan lamented Turkey's loss of territories during transition from Ottoman era to Turkish state, accused the West of not keeping promises, and claimed the Western order is collapsing. pic.twitter.com/pGV3lsbfUP
— Abdullah Bozkurt (@abdbozkurt) June 5, 2022
The National Pact, the Misak-ı Millî, is the set of six decisions made by the last term of the Ottoman Parliament. Parliament met on 28 January 1920 and published their decisions on 12 February 1920.
Turkey before 1920 and in June 2022:
According to one of the six decision: “The future of the territories inhabited by an Arab majority at the time of the signing of the Armistice of Mudros will be determined by a referendum. On the other hand, the territories which were not occupied at that time and inhabited by a Turkish majority are the homeland of the Turkish nation.”
The six decisions of the Misak-ı Millî taken by the late Ottoman Parliament were later used as the basis for the claims of the Grand National Assembly in the Treaty of Kars and of the new Republic of Turkey in the Treaty of Lausanne that set the borders of the modern Turkey.
Yet, these decisions worried the occupying Allies, resulting in the Occupation of Constantinople by the British, French and Italian troops on 16 March 1920. Turkish nationalists still claim these borders are the legitimate borders of Turkey.
- Turkey made no claim to its former Arab provinces and recognized British possession of Cyprus and Italian possession of the Dodecanese – handed over to Greece in 1948 via the Paris Treaty.
But now he wants these “lost territories,” as he claims, back.
Point is whether he is serious to grab Greek islands or just fires “shots” for his own political futures, fact is that this aggressive rhetoric against Greece is supported by mass media in Turkey and it may not be far until Turkish people are convinced that “indeed Greece occupies Turkish islands.”