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Phylax: A Guardian or the Fallen Angel? Sculpture in Palaio Faliro divides the society

A guardian angel or the fallen angel? Or just an artist expression without secret metaphysical meaning and hidden metaphorical messages? The sculpture PHYLAX installed in Palaio Faliro divides the Greek society and stirs the “Greeks’ moral principles” as usual.

Opponents see in the provocative red naked man with wings, the Heosphoros, the Dawn-Bringer, the satanic Morning Star, the Devil, elements of satanism and even of black magic and accuse the artist of mocking and offending the Christian traditions.

Phylax has been installed in Palaio Faliro on December 5th and was announced by the local Municipality as the “guardian-angel” of the suburb in south Athens.

The sculpture is a present donated by the Martinos shipping family to the city of Palaio Faliro.

Phylax is an Ancient Greek word meaning watcher, guard, guardian, protector. The sculpture is installed in Trokadero, very close to the entrance of Floisvos Marina, between the chapels of Agios Georgios and Agia Skepi in the old Poseidonos Avenue.

“Who says that the color of satan is red? there are angels with red wings and red hair” artist Kostis Georgiou told private Skai TV on Thursday morning just hours after unknown perpetrators threw white paint on the sculpture.

Θύμα βανδαλισμού το αμφιλεγόμενο γλυπτό «Phylax» στο Παλαιό Φάληρο

Georgiou seemed pleased that his Phylax has been in the middle of a dispute saying that art should not leave people indifferent.

Throwing paint on the controversial sculpture is the second attempt to vandalize the Phylax. A couple of days earlier, unknown perpetrators cut the wires of the Tram nearby, apparently thinking they they would cut the power that illuminates the Phylax at night.

The criticism forced the local municipality to issue a statement that says the Phylax is not a guardian angel in terms of the Christina tradition.

“The viewer’s contact with the work of art is determined according to the codes everyone has about his life, his sensitivity, his knowledge of art as well as many other subjective factors,” the statement said adding “each work in itself is autonomous, has its own language and can be interpreted according to everyone’s standards. This is also the mission of an artwork, it has many approach gates and not a single one.”

In his interview Georgiou defended his art work saying that the criticism started by some ultras like newspaper Eleftheri Ora and the [fake] monk, self-proclaimed  Father Kleomenis, a hate-preacher.

“It is supposed that the opponents are Christians but their soul is anti-Christian,” Georgiou stressed.

There are reports of signature collection among the residents of the suburb to have the sculpture removed.

Except for the alleged semantic-religious controversy some locals are reportedly also bothered by the aesthetic of the Phylax claiming the red color does not fit to the green and blue profile of the city right next to the sea at the Athens Riviera.

And you , what do you think?

Poll A:

Do you believe Phylax offends Christian values?

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Poll B:

How do you like Phylax in terms of asestetics?

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PS I must admit, I also thought of “the fallen angel” when I first saw the sculpture. Blame my Greek orthodox culture although I consider myself an atheist. I thought, “WOW! Provocative! Progressive!Great!” And yet, I was shocked. However, not because of a huge satan looming over the area where I go for my walks.

I personally have an issue with the color as I am not a great fan of  ‘red’. On the other hand, the more I look at the sculpture the more I see the point, the more it makes sense to break the green-blue-white monotony of  the Palaio Faliro skyline with an aggressive touch of alive and kicking juicy Greek-tomato-in-July red. In that sense, I can live with Phylax, or better say I can walk by the red devil without fearing it will fall on my head.


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  1. I think the head and neck look like a penis. I would have to see it in person to truly decide ad it’s hard to tell from pictures

  2. Hecataeus Miletuss

    I find it ugly. Second, perception is king. If many Greeks find it satanic, then it’s satanic no matter what cooler heads prevail. I say take it down. Or have a referendum of the people in the area to vote and then the media will be able to take a few days off covering whatever other scandal they are covering? 🙂 🙂

  3. Martin Baldwin-Edwards

    The colour is garish. Either a deeper red or black, in my opinion, would be far better.